Black Strappy Square Neck Cut Out Detail Ruched Skirt Midi Dress Pretty Little Thing Release Dates Cheap Price Cheap Sale Geniue Stockist Free Shipping With Credit Card Up To Date Brand New Unisex Online 3cpCcmAGb

SKU664222702545892174171
Black Strappy Square Neck Cut Out Detail Ruched Skirt Midi Dress Pretty Little Thing Release Dates Cheap Price Cheap Sale Geniue Stockist Free Shipping With Credit Card Up To Date Brand New Unisex Online 3cpCcmAGb
Black Strappy Square Neck Cut Out Detail Ruched Skirt Midi Dress Pretty Little Thing
Womens 036eo1e025 Silk Gloss Sleeveless Dress Esprit Free Shipping 100% Guaranteed WPisVtykSV
Author/Editor
Jones, Terry
Title
Did John Gower Rededicate His 'Confessio Amantis' before Henry IV's Usurpation?
Published
Jones, Terry. "Did John Gower Rededicate His 'Confessio Amantis' before Henry IV's Usurpation?" In Middle English Texts in Transition: A Festschrift Dedicated to Toshiyuki Takamiya on his 70th Birthday. Ed. Horobin, Simon, and Mooney, Linne R. Woodbridge, Suffolk: York Medieval Press/Boydell and Brewer, 2014, pp. 40-74. ISBN 9781903153536
Review
Jones reconsiders the evidence traditionally used to show that Gower rededicated CA to Henry in 1392-93, which has been the main argument to prove his disaffection to Richard II before he was deposed. His study starts with a detailed analysis of the two main manuscripts used by Macaulay for his theory of the second and third recension of the poem: Huntington Library MS Ellesmere 26 A.17 and Oxford, Bodleian library, MS Fairfax 3. Jones revises Macaulay's dating of Ellesmere 26 A.17 to 1397-99 through an in-depth examination of the heraldic ornaments in fol. 1, which leads him to conclude that it must have been produced later, in 1403. He discards the possibility of a posterior addition of these ornaments given the carefully planned design of the manuscript, concluding that "the fact that it is such a high-class production also reinforces the impression that this may have been a royal commission possibly paid for by the king as a gift to his son--as part of his ongoing propaganda campaign" (54). Jones reaches a similar conclusion about the corrections and changes made to MS Fairfax 3, the only pre-usurpation manuscript. As he reminds us, Macaulay already acknowledged that the First Revision Hand must have amended the text after Henry's accession –given that there is a reference to Richard's fate. Following Parkes' identification of one of the CA revision hands as the same Scribe 4 that updated four manuscripts of VC, Jones has been able to confirm that in one of these manuscripts (Oxford, All Souls College, MS 98) "every single passage disparaging Richard II is in a different ink, and written over an erasure" (56). In Jones' view, the two revisions must have been done after Henry's usurpation, as a result of the "pressure on his poets to make them fall in line with the new political correctness" (56). Therefore, Jones claims, there is no evidence that Gower rededicated CA to Henry in 1392-93--and even if he rededicated the poem some years later, that doesn't mean that he changed allegiance or he was disenchanted or disillusioned; he just changed patron, a common practice in the period. The rest of the article is dedicated to demonstrating that the dedication was amended after the deposition, based on three arguments. The first argument is the reference to Henry as "Henry of Lancaster," a title he only inherited on his father's death in 1399. Jones has been able to corroborate that this designation was rare before 1399, even in books of accounts, where the denomination "Earl of Derby" was used until that date, though after 1399 it was often corrected by sewing pieces of velum with the new designation "of Lancaster." Secondly, neither the political theories and mirrors for princes of the period would describe Richard's behavior as that of an oppressive ruler, nor do any of Gower's poems written prior to 1399 criticize him for being a bad king. Jones finds no credible evidence of Gower's disenchantment with Richard, nor of any degree of admiration for Henry, who before 1399 was not a particularly remarkable military or political figure. Finally, Jones analyzes the "black propaganda," the rewriting of history promoted by Henry and Arundel after the usurpation which not only depicted Richard in a negative light but also tried to show people dissatisfied with his rule. "Everywhere we see signs of nervous scribes conforming to the new political correctness" (71), he affirms. It is in this context that the rededication of CA must be understood, which, given the new dating proposed by Jones, seems to show the existence of two, and not three, recensions of the poem.] [ASH. Copyright. The John Gower Society. JGN 33.2.]
Date
2014
Gower Subjects
Manuscripts and Textual Studies
Confessio Amantis
/ Free Shipping Geniue Stockist Inexpensive DENIM Denim shirts Blanca Cheap Sale Outlet Recommend Outlet Fake bcIe9JmOr
/ 2:58 pm Fri Jul 13, 2018

From the Boing Boing Shop

81% OFF
Buy Now
Splendid Woman Slub Cotton And Modalblend Jersey Tshirt Offwhite Size XS Splendid Visit New Cheap Price dFaksThQp
100% OFF
Buy Now
Buy Cheap Eastbay Factory Sale Emerald Green Ribbed Square Neck Thong Bodysuit Pretty Little Thing Sale Amazing Price hfutF
65% OFF
Buy Now
iPM World HD 360 Degree 1080p Wireless IP Camera
97% OFF
Buy Now
Advance Crew Twopack Mélange Stretchknit Socks Nike Newest Online 2UcWsVvOb
30% OFF
Buy Now
ASOS DESIGN Curve mini smock sundress with tie straps Navy Asos Curve Low Cost Professional Sale Official Site WC3La8fH
See all deals
FROM THE BOING BOING SHOP

Oakywood Wireless Charger for $69

Expires August 13, 2018 23:59 PST

X

Follow Us

Twitter / Facebook /

When news that Scarlett Johansson was planning to play trans man Dante ‘Tex’ Gill in the biopic Rub Tug , her rep's tone-deaf response launched the casting controversy into overdrive. She's now announced she exited the project .

–– ADVERTISEMENT ––

Here's her full statement:

In light of recent ethical questions raised surrounding my casting as Dante Tex Gill, I have decided to respectfully withdraw my participation in the project. Our cultural understanding of transgender people continues to advance, and I’ve learned a lot from the community since making my first statement about my casting and realize it was insensitive. I have great admiration and love for the trans community and am grateful that the conversation regarding inclusivity in Hollywood continues. According to GLAAD, LGBTQ+ characters dropped 40% in 2017 from the previous year, with no representation of trans characters in any major studio release. While I would have loved the opportunity to bring Dante’s story and transition to life, I understand why many feel he should be portrayed by a transgender person, and I am thankful that this casting debate, albeit controversial, has sparked a larger conversation about diversity and representation in film. I believe that all artists should be considered equally and fairly. My production company, These Pictures, actively pursues projects that both entertain and push boundaries. We look forward to working with every community to bring these most poignant and important stories to audiences worldwide.

Loading [MathJax]/jax/output/HTML-CSS/autoload/mtable.js

Advertisement

This article has Open Peer Review reports available.

Dark Brown Casual Fustian Cotton Trousers Rubinacci Fake For Sale Discount Countdown Package KAa0jxH

BMC Medicine 2015 13 :146

Latest For Sale Pay With Paypal For Sale Womens Backelastic Bermuda Shorts 14/16 BLUE Lands End Mh2lIhUv8Q

© Althouse and Scarpino; licensee BioMed Central.2015

Received: 18February2015

Accepted: 22May2015

Published: 24June2015

For Sale Buy Authentic Online Womens Velvet Play Bodysuit Miss Selfridge Free Shipping High Quality For Nice Cheap Price Cheap Sale Choice Many Styles POElJvOcx

Abstract

Background

The recent increase in whooping cough incidence (primarily caused by ) presents a challenge to both public health practitioners and scientists trying to understand the mechanisms behind its resurgence. Three main hypotheses have been proposed to explain the resurgence: 1) waning of protective immunity from vaccination or natural infection over time, 2) evolution of to escape protective immunity, and 3) low vaccine coverage. Recent studies have suggested a fourth mechanism: asymptomatic transmission from individuals vaccinated with the currently used acellular vaccines.

Methods

Using wavelet analyses of incidence in the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK) and a phylodynamic analysis of 36 clinical isolates from the US, we find evidence in support of asymptomatic transmission of . Next, we examine the clinical, public health, and epidemiological consequences of asymptomatic transmission using a mathematical model.

Results

We find that: 1) the timing of changes in age-specific attack rates observed in the US and UK are consistent with asymptomatic transmission; 2) the phylodynamic analysis of the US sequences indicates more genetic diversity in the overall bacterial population than would be suggested by the observed number of infections, a pattern expected with asymptomatic transmission; 3) asymptomatic infections can bias assessments of vaccine efficacy based on observations of -free weeks; 4) asymptomatic transmission can account for the observed increase in incidence; and 5) vaccinating individuals in close contact with infants too young to receive the vaccine (“cocooning” unvaccinated children) may be ineffective.

Conclusions

Although a clear role for the previously suggested mechanisms still exists, asymptomatic transmission is the most parsimonious explanation for many of the observations surrounding the resurgence of in the US and UK. These results have important implications for vaccination policy and present a complicated scenario for achieving herd immunity and eradication.

Whooping cough Asymptomatic infection Phylodynamic analysis Stochastic disease dynamical modeling Vaccination policy
Fig. 1

Increase in incidence over time. Panel a shows cases in the United States from 1922 through 2012 and in the United Kingdom from 1940 through 2013 (from: [ 17 ] and [ Lace Thong Black Monki Sale Great Deals Clearance Free Shipping Perfect Online khi9GLZ3
]). Shaded regions correspond to the pre-vaccine era, the DTP era, and the DTaP era, respectively. Panels b and c show the incidence of by age group with darker color indicating younger ages in the US and UK, respectively. Infants less than 1 year old are labeled in darkest colors

To date, three primary mechanisms have been proposed to explain why vaccinated individuals can become infected with B. pertussis : 1) the vaccine mounted a sterilizing immune response that waned over time [ 7 ], 2) the pathogen evolved to escape sterilizing immunity induced by the vaccine [ Iris amp; Ink Woman Gathered Cottonpoplin Shirt Blue Size 8 IRIS amp; INK Free Shipping Countdown Package Cheap Sale Online Best Place For Sale Nicekicks Sale Online XtJJ25
], or 3) the vaccine failed to induce sterilizing immunity to the pathogen [ Discount Visit Womens Mlmaggi Cap Jersey Maxi Dress Mama Licious Clearance Footlocker Cheap Sale Fashionable Clearance For Nice RYCVHJgLX
]. While the first two mechanisms have received considerable attention, the third was only recently proposed by Warfel, Zimmerman, and Merkel (2014) [ 9 ]. In their study, Warfel et al. used non-human primates as a model for B. pertussis infection, and found evidence that individuals vaccinated with current acellular B. pertussis vaccines (aP) can become asymptomatically infected, and can then transmit infection to susceptible individuals. The potential for this type of vaccine failure has been observed in humans where reanalyses of aP vaccine studies revealed that individuals vaccinated with components of the aP vaccine were protected against disease, but not bacterial colonization [ 10 , 11 ]. This is in addition to the extant, but limited, evidence for natural asymptomatic infection [ 12 , Slim Fit Pima Jersey Polo Multi Player in Navy Marl Navy heather Polo Ralph Lauren Hot Sale Online Buy Cheap Supply Orange 100% Original Order Online Sale Manchester Great Sale wGrcZdR
,
striped knit skirt Grey Victoria Beckham New Style Quality Free Shipping Low Price Fast Express ryob5L5XAZ
].

Follow BMC

By using this website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions , Racer Bra Grey combo Free People Cheap Sale 2018 p37Ml0m7U
and Ermin Devoré Silksatin Midi Dress Black Preen Outlet Locations Online nuKKXksy
policy. we use in the preference centre.

© 2018 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Part of Boxer Briefs for Men Boxers On Sale in Outlet Red Cotton 2017 S EU 3 L EU 5 Calvin Klein Clearance Factory Outlet cuTM7w
.